EUDOXIA Eudocia, Eudokia, ca. 400–460

Originally named Athena¯s from her birthplace, Eudoxia was the daughter of the philosopher Leontius and received a good education. For hereditary reasons she asked protection from Theodosius II’s sister Pulcheria, who introduced her to court. She had great success and in June 421 married Theodosius II, after having been baptized by Atticus, patriarch of Constantinople, who gave her the name Aelia Eudoxia. In 423 she was proclaimed Augusta. She sided with Nestorius against Cyril of Alexandria. In 438 she went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem, returning with relics of St. Stephen. In 442 she was accused of infidelity and exiled to Jerusalem, where she died. Photius cods. 183, 184 esteemed her poetry, which in fact was quite modest. She wrote a short poem in honor of Theodosius II, celebrating his victory over the Persians, a metaphrase of the Octateuch and the prophets Zechariah and Daniel, 3 books in hexameters on the martyrdom of Cyprian PG 85, 832-864, the Praises of Antioch, a speech made during a visit to that city, and the completion of Patricius’s Homeric Centos. CPG 6020-6025; DHGE 15, 1336-1337 bibl.; PLRE II, Aelia Eudocia Athenis 2, 408-409; DNP 4, Aelia Eudokia 1, 220-221; A. Grillmeier – H. Bacht, Das Konzil von Chalkedon, I, W¼rzburg 1951, 604-608; K.G. Holum, Theodosian Empresses: Women and Imperial Dominion in Late Antiquity, Berkeley, CA 1982, 112- 146; A. Cameron, The Empress and the Poet. Paganism and Politics at the Court of Theodosius II: Yale Classical Studies 27 1982 217-289.

EUDOXIA Eudocia, Eudokia, ca. 400–460 Photo Gallery

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