EUDOXIA d. 404. Daughter of the Frankish general Bauto and sister of Arbogast, she married the emperor Arcadius on 27 April 395. Received the title of Augusta 400, something unusual for empresses. She directly opposed the Arians, and initially had good relations with the archbishop of Constantinople, John Chrysostom. She reacted to his criticism of the tone of life at the court, however, by supporting his condemnation at the Synod of the Oak 403. Chrysostom was immediately recalled, however, due to popular agitation and the wish of Eudoxia herself. The final break came when Chrysostom protested the dedication of a silver statue to the empress; she reacted by having him exiled for good on 9 June 404. Eudoxia died 6 October the same year and was buried at Constantinople in the church of the Holy Apostles.

PLRE II, Aelia Eudoxia 1, 410; KL 1, Eudokia, 1550; DNP 1, Ae. Eudoxia 4, 168-169; C.A. Balducci, Il dissidio fra S. Giovanni Crisostomo e Eudossia, in Atti del IV Congresso nazionale di studi romani, 1, Rome 1938, 303-310; K.G. Holum, Theodosian Empresses: Women and Imperial Dominion in Late Antiquity, Berkeley, CA 1982, 48-78; J.H.W.G. Liebeschuetz, Barbarians and Bishops: Army, Church, and State in the Age of Arcadius and Chrysostom, Oxford 1990; A. Cameron – J. Long, Barbarians and Politics at the Court of Arcadius, Berkeley, CA 1993.

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