Essen/D¼sseldorf Metro Map on India’s socialist past, which helped it gain independence from the British Empire in 1947 under the leadership of Ghandi, is represented by the main opposition party, the Indian National Congress (INC). Together, the NDA and INC struggle for control of an economic system rooted in colonial MERCANTILISM, independence-period SOCIALISM, and new-millennium global capitalism. Beginning with the 4,500-year-old Indus River valley civilization of the Punjab, the subcontinent of India has been at the center of Afro-Eurasian trade, migration, and invasion routes by land and sea because of its central geographic location and highly prized natural resources such as spices and jewels. Civilizations from the ancient Sumerians to the Han Chinese to the Romans have sought land- and sea-trade routes to India and today, these linkages continue. Well-educated, English-speaking Indians often leave India for jobs around the world, while Asian, Western, and Middle Eastern industries seek the inexpensive labor pool within India to keep costs down. Despite such global linkages, during the 1990s India had persistent 10-percent unemployment and inflation rates, foreign debt of close to $200 billion, and gross domestic and national production of less than $500 per person. Despite recent indications of political and social reform as evidenced by the 1997 election of Kocheril Raman Narayanan as president, the economic outlook for India’s move toward capitalism is mixed. Essen/D¼sseldorf Metro Map 2016.
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Essen/Düsseldorf Metro Map
Essen/D¼sseldorf Metro Map Holiday Map Q.