EPIPHANIUS Scholasticus

A writer born perhaps in the late 5th c. and living in the 6th, he was apparently Cassiodorus’s secretary scholasticus at Vivarium Calabria. His name is linked to a Historia tripartita, in 12 books, modeled on the Historia tripartita of Theodore the Lector, i.e., summarizing and reworking the text of the ecclesiastical histories of Socrates, Sozomen and Theodoret. The work, in the form of a handbook, was very popular in the Middle Ages and later. Critics disagree over Cassiodorus’s part in its compilation: some think he had a hand in choosing excerpta from the three authors’ Histories, leaving Epiphanius to then make the Latin translation; others think he intervened in the final draft so much as to attribute the work to him; still others think that Epiphanius himself read, chose and translated the Greek sources and that Cassiodorus merely oversaw him and added a short preface. Besides the mentioned work, Epiphanius translated Greek works of Didymus the Blind commentaries on biblical books: Proverbs, Catholic Epistles, Philo of Carpasia Song of Songs and other Christian authors into Latin.

Verzeichnis, 306; PL 69, 879-1214; CSEL 71; M.L.W. Laistner, The Value and Influence of Cassiodorus’ Ecclesiastical History: HTR 41 1948 51-67; L. Szymanski, The Translation Procedure of Epiphanius-Cassiodorus in the Historia Tripartita Books I and II, Washington, D.C. 1963; R. Hanslik, Epiphanius Scholasticus oder Cassiodor? Zur Historia ecclesiastica tripartita: Philologus 115 1971 107-113; F. Weissengruber, Epiphanius Scholasticus als bersetzer. Zu Cassiodorus-Epiphanius Historia ecclesiastica tripartita: SAW 283, 5, Vienna 1972; LTK 3, 947; DHGE 11, 1376ff.; W. Berschin, Griechisch-lateinisches Mittelalter von Hieronymus bis Nikolaus von Kues, Bern-Munich 1980.

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