Edinburgh Travel Guide


Edinburgh : Edinburgh, located on the Firth of Forth, is the Scottish capital. It is a beautiful city dominated by historic Edinburgh Castle, which sits on a rock some 270 feet high. The rock falls sharply on three sides to the gardens below it. The Castle has a long and bloody history. Here are the apartments occupied by Mary Queen of Scots when she gave birth to the child who became J ames

I of England. See the National War Shrine here, too. The view from the Castle rock is spectacular you look down on Princes Street, that famous and beautiful thoroughfare, which is lined with shops on one side and beautiful gardens on the other. This is the ‚“New Town.‚ You also see the Royal Mile (Old Town), which leads from the Castle to the Palace of Holyroodhouse, the Royal Residence that Her Majesty uses when in Edinburgh. Here Prince Charlie held the historic ball while at the Castle they were still fighting him. Here, too, are other apartments of Mary Queen of Scots and those of Lord Darnley, connected by an inner stairway. Next to the Palace are the ruins of Holyrood Abbey. Darnley is buried here. Parliament House, the famous St. Giles Cathedral, the Law Courts all have marked and made Scottish history. Be sure to visit the National Gallery of Scotland.

Old Town straggles down the side of the rock. Until the middle of the eighteenth century, Edinburgh consisted of this narrow, crowded ridge. Here were built the first tall flats; the first tenements. In the latter part of that century began the expansion which is now New Town. Princes Street is the dividing line. In the middle of the Gardens is the ‚“Mound,‚ an artificial hill constructed in the middle of the city. Visit the Zoological Park on the slope of Corstophine HilJ; it is one of the largest in Europe. Visit also Craigmillar Castle, about 3 miles from the city. Greyfriars Churchyard you must see, also the Sir Walter Scott Monument, the Royal Scottish Academy and Arthur‚„s Seat, in King‚„s Park. This is a hill some 800 feet high. There are daily tours around the city.

Prestwick . I. Prestwick Airport, at which you land, is situated in one of the most historic parts of Scotland. It abounds with tradition, and is near the home of Burns. Visit his birthplace in Alloway and the memorial where many treasures dear to the heart of Burns lovers are on display, set in a most picturesque spot on the banks of the rjver Doon, with that most famous of bridges, the ‚“Brig O‚„Doon‚ taking a prominent place in the picture.

The Auld Kirk of Alloway is the scene of Tam O‚„Shanter‚„s run-in with the witches, as described in the famous poem. The scenery leaves little to be desired, and numerous hotels are situated near the airport, which, while not offering the best in everything, retain a complete charm of their own. Around the airport, there are 16 golf courses capable of testing the skill of the best. All are open to visitors.

Near Alloway lies Ayr, the center of the Robert Burns country. Ayr is a modern seaside resort and is filled with things to interest the Burns lover. Hotels are the Station, the County, the Ayrshire & Galloway. From Ayr it is possible to make a ‚“Burns‚ tour of Dumfries (in the south near England), Thornhill, Cumnock and other points of interest.

Border Country South of Edinburgh is the Border country, the country of Sir Walter Scott. His home at Abbotsford is worth seeing. The ruins of Melrose and Dryburgh Abbeys are nearby. Peebles on the River Tweed is the center of the Border country, a famed holiday area. There is good fishing here. North Berwick, 22 miles east of Edinburgh in East Lothian, has three golf courses and top hotels for the golfer. The Marine Hotel is excellent.

The Island of Arran, picturesque and colorful, lies off the coast of Ayrshire in the Firth of Clyde, southwest of Glasgow. It is about 20 miles long and is the quintessence of all Scotland.

Glasgow . Coming north from Ayr or Arran, you reach Glasgow, the most important seaport in Scotland. The Glasgow Art Galleries are famous; see arts. There‚„s a good zoo at Calderpark. Hotels include the North British, the Central, St. Enoch and More’s. Glasgow is an excellent shopping center, with stores offering high quality goods. Recommended are: Copland & Lye, R. W. Forsyth, MacDonalds, Wylie Lochhead, and Pettigrew & Stephen, to name only a few.

The Trossachs : On the way to the Highlands you come to the Trossachs, a strip of land in Western Perthshire. Tours through this region are by bus or a combination of train, bus and steamer. Gateway to this lake region is Stirling (36 miles northwest of Edinburgh), a historic town with a castle on a high rock which views the spot where Robert the Bruce defeated the English at Bannockburn. Stay at the Golden Lion Hotel. highest spot in the British Isles. The road runs beside the canal and series of lochs (including Loch Ness of sea serpent fame) that runs right across the country, from Fort William to Inverness. This modern looking little city on the banks of the River Ness is considered the capital of the romantic Highlands, and like so many other Scottish cities was the scene of much fighting. (Hotel Caledonian.)

Macbeth‚„s castle once stood in the midst of Inverness, the scene of a stormy past. Nearby is the battlefield of Culloden, where the Highlanders made their last stand against the English in 1746. You may see the names of the clans on some of the gravestones of these gallant dead. To the west from Inverness, the country is wild, the scenery more rugged and the Highlands more sparsely inhabited.

From Inverness eastward, some 15 miles, lies the town of Nairn and Cawdor Castle, still approached by a drawbridge over its moat. Farther to the east along the coast is Elgin, with its ruined cathedral, and farther yet we come to the mouth of the River Spey. This is the center of the finest salmon fishing in all Scotland. The counties of Ross and Cromarty are the heart of the best deer forests in Scotland.

There are two roads to Aberdeen one through the resorts and seaside villages of Lossiemouth, Banff; and the other through the inland route of Keith, Huntley and Inverurie. All of these places have their own particular items of interest.

Aberdeen is the most Scottish of the cities of Scotland, It is a fine holiday resort, with a pleasant climate. There are numerous good hotels, including the Caledonian and the Douglas. Aberdeen abounds in tradition and beautiful buildings.

Leaving Aberdeen for the south, one should travel along the road through what is known as Royal Deeside, through Ballater and Balmoral, where the Scottish home of the Queen at Balmoral Castle can be seen. Nearby is Royal Braemar, where the famous Royal Highland Gathering of the Clans and Highland Games are held each September. This is the chief social event of the Royal Highland Season. Following the road over the watershed at Devil‚„s Elbow down Glen Shee, you reach Perth (32 miles northwest of Edinburgh) on the River Tay. Perth is a beautiful country town immortalized by Sir Walter Scott.

This almost completes the circle to Stirling and is near the Glen-eagles golf course, with its excellent hotel. A tour of the Highlands can be done by motor coach or by car. If you want to see more rugged country and the red deer and the lonely Scottish moors, go up over the Grampians way north to John O‚„Groats and on to the Shetland and Orkney Islands off the north coast.

SOURCES OF FURTHER INFORMATION: The Scottish Tourist Information Center, Rutland Place, West End, Edinburgh I, will give information of all kinds including details on hunting and fishing in Scotland. Tourist information is also available from Pan American at Prestwick Airport, or at 130 St. Vincent Street, Glasgow. C.l. In New York information is available through the British Travel Association, 336 Madison Avenue. Other offices are in Chicago and Los Angeles.






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