Like the English, the Dutch viewed the success of the Spanish in the New World as a threat, and they, too, refused to acknowledge Spanish claims to all of North America. Unlike the English and Spanish, however, Dutch expeditions to the New World focused more on commerce than on setting up colonies. During most of the seventeenth century, the Dutch were regarded as the most successful nation then engaged in world commercial trade. Eventually, Holland did establish a colonial presence in the New World in what is today’s Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Connecticut. Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company, landed in this region in 1609. Hudson had intended to visit Captain John Smith in Virginia, but he was blown off course and landed in the present-day mid-Atlantic region. He sailed the river that came to be named for him for 150 miles before turning back to England. Because Holland was not really interested in colonization, it eventually let its claims in North America shrink to a few settlements and ports on the Hudson River.
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