On the basis of Henry Hudson’s voyage past the Delaware Bay in 1609, Dutch merchants established a few trading posts along the Delaware River in the 1630s. Soon thereafter, the New Sweden Company and colony, established by Dutch merchants who received a charter from the king of Sweden, established more settlements and trading posts along the west bank of the Delaware. Through the 1650s, Swedish and Dutch officials in Delaware quarreled over claims to the area, but neither power proved willing or able to marshal the resources needed to make its claims stick. During the period of Swedish and Dutch rule, Delaware was home to a few thousand Native Americans and no more than 1,000 Swedes, Dutch, and Finns, along with perhaps 100 African slaves and servants. Perhaps 1,000 more Dutch, Scandinavians, and Africans lived in the scattered trading settlements in the Delaware River valley, extending northward as far as present-day Burlington, New Jersey. Dutch claims to Delaware came to an end in 1664, when an English fleet forced Dutch officials in New Amsterdam to recognize English claims to the regions surrounding the Hudson and Delaware Rivers. From 1664 to 1681, Delaware nominally fell under the governance of James Stuart, Duke of York, but English officials paid little attention to the sparse settlements in Delaware. In 1681, King Charles II granted William Penn a charter for the colony of Pennsylvania, and Penn requested that the duke of York transfer his somewhat dubious claim to Delaware to Penn. The duke of York accommodated Penn’s request, and the Three Lower Counties now came under the jurisdiction of Penn’s colony. In November 1682, Penn called on the property holders of Delaware to hold elections for delegates to meet and form a new colonial government with Pennsylvania. The representatives accepted Penn’s offer and passed the Act of Union. Delaware’s three counties now fell officially under the government of Pennsylvania. Ethnic and religious differences, compounded by commercial rivalries, frayed relations between Delaware and Pennsylvania, and the joint government soon proved unsatisfactory to both parties. In 1704, Penn and representatives from Delaware reached an agreement whereby Delaware gained its own representative assembly, while Penn or his appointees would continue as governor of the colony. This arrangement lasted through 1776, when the counties of New Castle, Kent, and Sussex on the Delaware declared their independence from Great Britain and adopted the name Delaware. Dominion – Mapq8The Board Game Family Dominion Seaside card game review – The … Mapq8Dominion Mapq8

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