Destinations to travel for Saffry and Christopher Cerf, eds., Gulf War Reader (Random House, 1991); Rick Atkinson, Crusade: the Untold Story of the Persian Gulf War (Houghton-Mifflin, 1993); Abbas Alnasrawi, The Economy of Iraq: Oil, Wars, Destruction of Development and Prospects, 1950-2010 (Greenwood Press, 1994). CHARLES ROBINSON BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY Peru THE REPUBLIC OF PERU BORDERS Ecuador to the northwest, Bolivia to the southwest, CHILE to the south, COLOMBIA to the northeast, BRAZIL to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru’s southern area runs across Peru 643 the high Andes, while its northern tip almost reaches the Equator. Lima is its capital city. Peru’s population is almost 30 million. Approximately 45 percent are Native Americans, about one-third of mixed European and Native American background (mestizos), approximately 15 percent unmixed white, and the remainder of African, Chinese, or Japanese descent. Destinations to travel 2016.