Denmark Country for The problem is made particularly troublesome because the word liberty means different things to different people at different times. Hegel himself found the concept of liberty to be indefinite, ambiguous, and open to the greatest misconceptions.29 Indeed, historians of ideas have gathered hundreds of meanings for the words liberty and freedom. Let us explore a few of the more prominent ones. Positive and Negative Liberty In Western political thought, two distinct meanings of liberty have attained preeminence: positive liberty and negative liberty. The eighteenth-century German philosopher Immanuel Kant was perhaps the first to differentiate positive and negative senses of the word freedom in his work The Metaphysic of Morals. T. Denmark Country 2016.