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The same was done in 410. The end of all these efforts was the calling of the conference of Carthage of 1-8 June 411, which saw the rout of Donatism. CCL 149, 220; Hfl-Lecl II, 159, 168, 180, 183; Palazzini 1, 260. From this date, the disciplinary activity of the African councils seems to have slowed, but other problems soon engaged their attention: Damman Map the Pelagian controversy and the affair of Apiarius. From 411 412 an ecclesiastical tribunal under the presidency of Aurelius excommunicated Celestius. In summer 416 the bishops of Proconsularis confirmed this sentence and sent Pope Innocent a detailed synodal to inform him of the intrigues of the enemies of grace. This was echoed by the Numidian bishops, meeting at Milevis. Finally, five bishops Aurelius, Alypius, Augustine, Evodius and Possidius addressed their concerns to the pope. Rome’s reply was clear: Pelagius and Celestius were put outside the communion of the church until they acknowledged their faults, as were all those who obstinately upheld their ruinous doctrines Aug., Ep. 181, 9; 182, 6. How the intrigues of Celestius and his Roman partisans soon led the new Pope Zosimus to question these sentences is well known. A new council, urgently convoked at Carthage at the end of 417, made a strong protest to Rome. Its acts are lost, but their essence can be reconstructed from scattered references in Augustine’s writings C. in Zosimus’s reply Ep. Quamvis patrum: PL 20, 676. The latter, dated 21 March 418, reached Carthage on 29 April. Two days later, 1 May 418, the plenary council of the African episcopate opened: more than 200 bishops proclaimed the Catholic doctrine of original sin and its transmission cans. 1-3; the role and necessity of grace cans. 4-6; and the possibility of avoiding sin cans. 7-9 CCL 149, 67-78. They also ruled on a number of disciplinary questions connected with the reintegration of the Donatists RC 117-121, 124. They defined certain points of procedure RC 122 and issued sanctions against negligent bishops RC 123-124. They authorized priests, deacons and minor clergy to appeal to the primate of their province and to the general council of the African provinces RC 125, but forbade them to appeal overseas, on pain of excommunication which would pursue them through all the territory of Africa. Having adopted these measures, they concluded the affair of Celestius, while that of Apiarius, in the same year, would demonstrate just how wellfounded the Fathers’ apprehensions were.

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