Coming of the Revolution

By the time of the American Revolution, Connecticut had changed little in character. Population growth was constant throughout the colonial period, increasing by about 400 people a year in the seventeenth century and about 1,500 a year in the eighteenth century. The estimated total population in 1774 was approximately 200,000. Initially, most colonists arrived from Massachusetts Bay Colony rather than directly from Europe. Increased emphasis on trade and maritime industries led to a wider range of cultural backgrounds, although minorities such as African Americans remained under 5 percent of the total population. The most common religion was still Congregationalism, in its various interpretations, although there were some Anglicans, Methodists, and Quakers. Similar to the early colonial period, the primary sources of income were fishing and farming, with merchants and artisans clustered in and around the towns. The earliest signs of the American Revolution in Connecticut were protests in 1765 against the Stamp Act, followed by more protests against the Townshend Duties in 1767. After the Battle of Lexington and Concord in 1775, Connecticut called up a quarter of its militia and began readying its soldiers to march to Boston. Bounties were offered for military supplies, sulfur, and saltpeter. The colony also prepared shore defenses for coastal towns and began forming a navy. In 1777, William Tryon, the royal governor of New York, led an attack on Danbury to destroy supplies intended for the Continental army. In February 1779, Governor Tryon attacked the salt works in Greenwich. Later that year, he also attacked New Haven, Fairfield, and Norwalk, again seeking to destroy local support for the colonial war effort. The most devastating attack was led by Connecticut-born Benedict Arnold; it took place in New London and Groton in 1781, killing dozens of people and burning New London to the ground. Aside from these four raids, the American Revolution had less immediate political and physical impact on Connecticut than on its neighbors. Connecticut continued to support the colonial cause throughout the war with a constant flow of troops and money under the guidance of Governor Jonathon Trumbull. Although the threat of having the Connecticut charter revoked was nearly 100 years old in the 1770s, it remained a motivating force throughout the Revolution. Following the war, Connecticut became part of the newly formed United States, although it was internally governed under the 1662 charter until 1818. Abigail B. Chandler See also: Connecticut (Chronology); Connecticut River; King Philip’s War; New Haven; Puritanism; Documents: Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639); Connecticut Blue Laws (1650). Bibliography Calloway, Colin G. First Peoples. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 1999. Roth, David M., and Freeman Meyer. From Revolution to Constitution, Connecticut History 1763–1818. Chester, CT: Pequot, 1975. Taylor, Robert. Colonial Connecticut. Millwood, NY: KTO, 1979. Van Dusen, Albert. Puritans Against the Wilderness, Connecticut History to 1763. Chester, CT: Pequot, 1975. Revolution is coming (UK) – YouTube alltravel8The Coming Revolution | Book by Walid Phares | Official Publisher … alltravel8The Black Panthers: Vanguard of The Revolution (Trailer) | JAYFORCE alltravel8

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