Cheap trips to hawaii for Such a policy replayed the idea of a state-sanctioned oligopoly that had been developed in France. An idea which seems to be related to the new economic historians’ questioning of the axiom of indispensability is the issue of the huge levels of investment which were made in railroads in the 19th century, and the question of whether such resources might have been more efficiently deployed elsewhere. Such questions may not seem of crucial importance in a country like GERMANY where around 26 percent of GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) was spent on railroads in the period 1875 79; or Russia, 25 30 percent of GDP in 1896 1900; but they are certainly understandable in the British context where around half of GDP was invested in rail in the 1840s and countries like Spain, where annual GDP devoted to railroads was at times as high as 90 percent. The Spanish case is particularly interesting because historians have noted that Spanish railroads often did not connect major areas of industrial production, where the greatest economic gains would have come from rail links. Much of the capital deployed in the development of the Spanish railroads came from outside the country, and outside investors often had different priorities than the Spanish state or industrialists. Similar planning problems occurred in France (where too great an emphasis was placed on Paris as the center of the national rail network); Britain (where there was some duplication of routes); and Germany (where states often intentionally failed to connect their lines to those of neighboring states, for reasons of economic and political competition). The 20th century. Cheap trips to hawaii 2016.