Chandeliers for Th e convergence thesis argues that contemporary science necessarily contains a subjective component as well, by recognizing human involvement in all types of investigation and experimentation. Th is outlook, refl ecting what one physicist has called the notion of the participatory universe, seems to resemble Zen views in regard of the unity of human beings and nature, or individuality and universality. In the case of using koan practice, this represents a state of mind attained through contemplation rather than scientifi c observation. Perhaps the most intriguing connection between Zen and science is refl ected by the phrases Philosophy for an age of death and Th e Buddha or the bomb? According to this standpoint, modern thinkers such as Nishitani Keiji of the Kyoto School of Japa nese philosophy use Zen teachings to create a critique of modern science that has enabled the Frankenstein of technology to create the threat of nuclear holocaust. Concerns about the impact of nuclear power are perhaps more keenly felt on Japa nese soil, which was the only victim of an atomic bomb (in 1945) and also suff ered from the Fukushima nuclear meltdown of 2011. As physicist Werner Heisenberg has lamented, For the fi rst time in the course of history modern man on this earth now confronts himself alone. According to Nishitani’s critique, through science and technology man has been led to distance himself from the natural surroundings so that nature becomes a mere resource to be used rather than a spiritual realm that is experienced. Chandeliers 2016.