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Decimus Magnus Ausonius

AUSONIUS d. ca. 395. Decimus Magnus Ausonius, born at Bordeaux ca. 310, died there ca. 395, was first a professor and poet of that famous school, then the future emperor Gratian’s tutor at Trier, a courtier loaded with titles and honors 364–385; then, all

AURELIUS of Carthage

AURELIUS of Carthage d. 427. Little is known of his life; Paulinus Vita Ambr. 54 mentions a brother, Fortunatus, a deacon in ca. 411. Augustine, returning to Africa in 388, found Aurelius a deacon at Carthage, and their friendship began then. From Augustine we

AURASIUS of Toledo

AURASIUS of Toledo d. 615. Preacher who headed the church of Toledo from 603–615. Ildefonsus describes him as a good and moderate man De vir. ill. 4. In the Synod of Toledo of 610 he obtained a decree from King Gundemar, confirming the metropolitan

Aunarius of Auxerre

AUNACARIUS of Auxerre b. before 540d. before 605. Aunacarius, or Aunarius, descendent of a noble Orléans family, became bishop of Auxerre 31 July 561. He held a diocesan synod in 585 or 592, whose 45 canons concern mainly liturgical and disciplinary questions CCL 148A,

AUGUSTINIANISM

The continual reference to Augustine in the West in the generations after him created Augustinianism term coined by Franz Ehrle in 1889, or better “Augustinianisms,” given the variety of interpretations of his thought in the theological, philosophical, spiritual and political spheres. If, on the

ATHENODORUS

ATHENODORUS 3rd c.. Bishop in Pontus, saint. Feast 18 October in the West, 7 November in the East. From Eusebius of Caesarea we know that Athenodorus was at Origen’s school in Caesarea for five years, with his older brother Theodore. Eusebius says that Theodore

ATHEISM

ATHEISM, Accusation of. Accused of “atheism” in the Greco-Roman world were those who, for various reasons, refused to acknowledge the existence of the gods and their benevolent intervention in human life in this world and, behaving accordingly, assumed attitudes contrary to the common religious

ATARBIUS

ATARBIUS d. ca. 381. Bishop of Neocaesarea in Pontus from 368 death of Musonis to ca. 381. He delegated the lector Cyril to the Council of Constantinople. A relative of Basil the Great, he opposed him, condemning his monastic and liturgical innovations, and followed

APOCRYPHA of the OT

APOCRYPHA of the OT, Christian and Christianized. In most cases OT apocrypha i.e., regarding persons of the OT, also called intertestamentary writings are of Jewish origin. A certain number of these apocrypha, however, are of Christian origin, or have been more or less Christianized.

APOCRYPHA IN EASTERN LANGUAGES

APOCRYPHA IN EASTERN LANGUAGES. Apocrypha also had a very important role in ancient Eastern literature. A large number were translated from the Greek, with the pattern of translation usually being Greek-Coptic-Arabic-Ethiopian; or Greek- Syriac-Armenian-Georgian; some Georgian texts were translated from Syriac; some apocrypha were

APOCALYPSES apocryphal

APOCALYPSES apocryphal Christian apocalyptic literature derived from Jewish apocalyptic literature, which played a very important role in late Jewish culture. Apocalyptic was also born out of the expectation of the Lord’s imminent return in the first centuries and influenced people’s way of thinking during