In the nineteenth century, Shawinigan Falls was a small farming village, and a place to stop and see the falls. In 1898 the Shawinigan Water Power Company began to produce hydro-electric power, and in 1901 the first pulp mili was built. Nearly half a million h.p. are now generated at Shawinigan Falls.

Being the largest urban centre up the valley from Three Rivers, Shawinigan Falls makes a good supply centre and headquarters for hunting and fishing expeditions into the surrounding Laurentide Mts. For winter-sports, it has excellent cross-country and downhill trails, the country around rising to 1,250 ft.

27 m. Grand‚„mere (pop. 11,000). Here another power-station develops 200,000 h.p. and this is used in paper and textile manufacture. The town is older than Shawinigan Falls, and had 2,500 people in 1901 when the Falls was but a hamlet, but it has grown more slowly. It gets its name from a large and curiously shaped rock in the centre of the town. It is also a tourist centre, with good accommodation; there is good touring country for skiers, but the downhill aspect of the sport awaits ski-tows and lifts.

At Grand‚„mere the side-route (Hwy. 19) crosses the St. Maurice river to St. Georges on the opposite bank.

Rd. r. to Lac ƒ la Tortue, 2 m., on the lake of the same name (seaplane-base); abandoned railway grade, r. 30 m. Rd. r. (Hwy. 19 B) to St. Tite (pop. 3,600), a supply centre for the farms and lumbering country around.

35 m. Grandes Piles. Here the route comes down to the river bank and follows the swift moving river with the steep valley sides rising above it. Grandes Piles is a picturesque village which just finds enough space on the river bank; it is the terminus of a C.P.R. branch lime from Three Rivers and a popular ski-centre for the people of that city.

There is a 1,600-ft. slalom hill with a vertical drop of 400 ft., and a chalet nearby with refreshments; many good nursery slopes; nearly 10 m. of interesting cross-country trails have been cleared through the forest. A ferry crosses the river to the village of St. Jeari des Piles.

Canada for 45 Positive liberty, in this instance, is both an end in itself and the means by which negative liberties may become more fully realized and more vigilantly protected. Likewise, negative libertarians do not necessarily hold that negative liberty is the only good for which we ought to strive. Freedom means freedom from constraint, many would argue, and it is a good. But justice is also a good, and establishing justice at times may require a diminution of (negative) liberty. Still, negative libertarians ask us to make clear conceptual distinctions between liberty and other values, such as justice. Once these distinctions are made, we may better judge which values are to be realized at the (partial) expense of others. To underline this point, Isaiah Berlin observes that we force children to go to school, thus constraining their negative liberty for the purpose of elevating another value, namely, the diminution of ignorance. Canada 2016.

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