Canada map of canada for According to Watts, Square Zen refers to meditation centers in the United States and many other locations around the world that try to emulate the original East Asian styles of training by adopting all the trappings and accouterments of past Whither Koans, or Wither? 163 practices, though still adapted somewhat to local contemporary customs. Oft en, however, the practitioners, Watts claimed, would not recognize that they were getting locked into a par tic u lar version of koan training as if it were the only acceptable approach when the tradition was actually characterized by diversity and plurality. Th is myopia can be avoided through careful historical analysis, but practitioners sometimes reject or even scorn that option as a distraction from meditation. Beat Zen for Watts refers to the appropriation of Zen notions expressed in numerous koans, such as dramatic breakthroughs and exalted experiences of sudden awakening, by embracing unconventional lifestyles like traveling abroad to gain awareness of Asian society, or hiking in the mountains to commune with nature, or taking hallucinogens to heighten sensations and open what poet William Blake and thinker Aldous Huxley in a famous book published in 1954 have called the doors of perception. While oft en valuable and enriching in their own right, these endeavors should not be confl ated with authentic Zen reclusion and contemplation and can result in a superfi ciality that conceals the true meaning of koans. Watts advises all parties in the Beat and Square corners to refer back to genuine Zen, that is, according to his analysis, the classic literature and practice as seen in appropriate historical perspectives. Watts was aware that one of the main functions of Zen in the modern world was its impact on key developments in Western culture that would probably be included in the category of Beat Zen yet were crucial for spreading the word about the overall value of the tradition of meditation. Canada map of canada 2016.