Bolu for The constructive effort to provide a holistic view of things political, even more so than the analysis of its constituent parts, creates a standard or norm for understanding and action. In supplying better ways of understanding political life we are implicitly suggesting that there are better ways of participating in political life based on our improved understandings. To supply a right way of knowing, one might argue, is to imply a right way of acting. The Republic, written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato (c. 427 347 B.C.), provides a good example of this point. Bolu 2016.