Historical region of Country
But it was a Christian use of avnacwrein Vita Antonii 45,1, influenced by Mt 14:13 and Jn 6:15, that oriented flight from the world to the giving of oneself to prayer Orig., In Lc. hom. XI. In the Hellenistic milieu there developed a romantic desire for solitude J. Burckhardt, L’et di Costantino, Florence 1957, It. tr., 405ff., to withdrawal to the desert, where the citizen, tired by the life of the great metropolises, Best US getaways could create an idyllic retreat in which he could lead a life of simple, pure study, far from the schemes of the city, to find or recover inner peace. The desert thus came to be valued as such, losing the sense of something temporary and provisional that it had in Scripture: this is Philo’s idea of the desert De decalogo 2; De vita contemplativa 22-23: a blessed place, privileged because pure. From the 4th c., the literary theme of the desert appears in monastic authors with a certain level of literary culture.
Gregory of Nazianzus Ep. 4,6 replies to Basil of Caesarea’s enthusiastic description of the desert Ep. 14 that such enthusiasm is a rhetorical theme. Jerome’s image of the desert Vita Pauli was also idyllic, becoming very popular in literature and painting. His Ep. 14 inviting Heliodorus to the eremitical life, though presenting realistic elements Ep. 14,1: nudos amat eremus. Nolo te antiquae peregrinationis terreat difficultas, opens into an enthusiastic song which had a significant impact in the birth and development of the subsequent idealistic, idyllic ideal of the desert which exalts the desert, Christi floribus vernans, where the light is clearer, poverty is blessed, toil guarantees victory, faith casts out hunger, and closeness to Christ takes away the discomforts of penance, harshness and squalor, in an eschatological projection of the present life Ep. 14,10, copied in some points from Cypr., Ep. 76,2ff.