Best traveling site on English liberalism. Liberalism in England continued to focus on the ideas of Locke even as Great Britain fought to retain its empire. Adam SMITH, a Scottish philosopher who wrote The Wealth of Nations in 1776, argued that self-interest among humans resulted in healthy competition that did not need government regulation. This was in contrast to the British mercantilist system of the 16th and 17th centuries, the advocates of which believed in strict government supervision of trade. Nineteenth-century liberals continued to voice the concerns and develop the ideas of the 18h-century Enlightenment. In England, Jeremy BENTHAM and John Stuart MILL expanded on the moral thinking of Smith, creating the philosophy of utilitarianism, which sought the greatest good for the greatest number in a society. The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION and new technology deriving from changing ideas of science inspired the same sense of optimism and dedication toward continued progress among 19th-century thinkers that had defined previous expressions of liberalism. Best traveling site 2016.
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