Best countries to visit in south america for In 1808, he further estranged himself from Madison by running against him for president. With Madison’s election, Monroe returned to state politics and served another year as governor. In 1811, Madison looked beyond their personal rivalry and asked Monroe to return to the federal government as secretary of state. In 1814, Madison also assumed the duties of secretary of war. Upon Madison’s retirement in 1816, Monroe easily won election as president. In 1820, Monroe was so popular that he ran uncontested for re-election, losing only one electoral vote nationwide. Despite such unity, the issue that would divide the nation for the next half century rose on the horizon: As Missouri sought admission to the Union, members of Congress sought to condition admission on a ban of slavery. Best countries to visit in south america 2016.