Best china tours for The levels of discontent and solidarity among workers 2. The degree to which employers emphasize cost containment and efficiency as opposed to stabilization and accommodation 3. The extent to which strikes are viewed as effective relative to workers’ alternative manners of expressing discontent, such as quitting 4. The militancy of negotiators and pressure from workers 5. The degree of uncertainty and imperfect information among negotiators. Note that argument 4 overlaps with Ashenfelter and Johnson and that 5 essentially incorporates asymmetric information theory. In this context then, contract strikes represent efforts to voice discontent over proposed (or possibly current) contracts and conditions, while recognition strikes express more fundamental discontent concerning the state of bargaining representation for workers, or lack thereof. Best china tours 2016.