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A small number of tombstones from the 5th-6th c., but of Roman tradition, with Latin inscriptions and simple crosses or Christograms, are found scattered between southern Scotland and northern England. One of these stones at Whithorn, near Wigtown, raised by Borrovadus for Latinus and his young daughter, dated to the 5th c., was found in the cemetery next to a small oratory of stone whose walls have traces of white plaster. It might well be the Candida Casa, the White House which gave its name to Whithorn. Belgium Metro Map It is traditionally said that the chapel was built by St. Ninian, who was bishop here for a certain time at the beginning of the 5th c. Heading from Whithorn along the coast to the east, to Ardwall Island, part of a small monastic settlement from the 6th-8th c., which is similiar to that of the Irish monks, has been excavated.

A site in Ireland, of considerable importance for having offered elements which can be dated, based on carbon 14, to around 660, is Carnsore, County Wexford. The site of Ardwall Island, like that of Church Island, began as a rural cemetery, and its position in the area of Whithorn suggests that it was in use during the 6th c. or at most in the last part of the 5th c. 6. Wales and Ireland. The archaeological finds of Wales are extremely limited, aside from a large group of ancient Christian commemorative stones and some settlements. Traces have been found of a possible chapel made of wood, as at Ardwall and Church Islands, on the island of Burry Holms, at the N end of the Gower peninsula, in S Wales.

Here, under a small and ancient stone church, which was itself enlarged in the 11th and 12th c., appear four successive cavities, indicating a more ancient chapel in wood, on a different axis. The site has an oval boundary wall, and there seem to have been burials there at different periods. The contemporary Irish settlement of Wales could have begun during the 4th c. but was certainly in existence during the 5th c. Around fifty inscriptions in the ogham dialect, known from Wales, represent the principal archaeological testimony of the presence of an Irish settlement, together with the stones which offer commemorative Latin inscriptions of people with typically Irish names; in some of these the inscriptions are arranged vertically in the manner of the ogham writing.

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