Barcelona for Brain et al. found that while levels of distress typically fell in the period after participants were told their risk level, they rose again over the following months, and one year later they were at the same level as immediately before risk assessment. Nor does being assigned a population risk level necessarily reduce anxiety. Geirdal et al. found that many women found to have no genetic mutations reported higher anxiety and depression levels than women at a higher risk for cancer. It appears that once some people are alerted to their potential risk for cancer, this becomes a long-term worry. We are not sure why this is the case. Barcelona 2016.