Historical region of Country
ERECHTHIUS of Antioch 5th c.. Miaphysite bishop of Antioch in Pisidia ca. 440, mentioned by Timothy Aelurus Timothy II of Alexandria in his great work against the Council of Chalcedon 451. We have two of his homilies: one on the Theophany PG 86, 3321b, preached at Constantinople before the patriarch Proclus 434 446 and translated into Syriac, Armenian and Arabic, and one on the Nativity, which has reached us only in a Syriac translation. Baku/Sumqayit Map In modern theological language, the term eschatology means the doctrine -logia of the last things ta eschata. The form evscatologi,a is not attested in the NT, nor does it appear in the Fathers. It was coined by Karl Gottlieb Bretschneider in an 1804 work to designate what was traditionally called novissimi, res novissimae J. Carmignac, Les dangers de l’eschatologie, 365ff.. Its conceptual sphere was then extended and broadened, esp. from the end of the 19th c., until it was dangerously confused with concepts from which it should have been kept rigorously distinct, such as messianism, apocalypticism, kingdom of God. Its use is thus not exempt from misunderstandings, Baku/Sumqayit Map which have led many scholars to advise against using the term J. Carmignac, Le mirage, 136-137. Its presence here thus requires further preliminary clarification and justification.
Modern scholars are not always agreed on the contents that should be included in the concept of eschatology. They oscillate between positions that limit its content to three eschata parousia, resurrection, judgment, and more elastic and extended definitions that add themes like death, damnation, purgatory, the end of the world, beatitude, the offering to the Father. The meaning used here will be the traditional one. The term eschatology will thus indicate a group of final events concerning humanity’s end both individually individual eschatology and collectively collective eschatology and the end of the world cosmic eschatology. For specific treatment of the various eschatological themes, Baku/Sumqayit Map see the following entries: for cosmic eschatology, see apokatastasis, cosmos; for individual eschatology, see resurrection, refrigerium, purgatory, paradise; for collective eschatology, see millenarism, parousia, judgment. The following considerations, with no claim to system or completeness, aim to identify some premises of the Fathers’ eschatological beliefs and to provide some interpretative ideas that may serve to connect the various themes.