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III. Romano-Germanic ritual. A Roman-Gallican rite Ordo Romanus 41 and a Roman-suburbicarian rite Ordo Romanus 42 were in use in the late 8th c. The 9th-c. Ordo ad benedicendam ecclesiam Eng. tr. Repsher 139-169, which fuses the Gallican and Roman rites, is part of the 10th-c. RomanoGermanic Pontifical, which also contains an explanation of the dedication Quid significent duodecim candelae; Repsher 171-193. Austria Subway Map The Sacramentary of Drogo of Metz 13th c. represents the near-definitive rite of dedication: vigil and arrival of the relics, aspersion of the church from the outside, entrance, writing of the alphabet, aspersion and anointing of the altar and church 12 candles symbolize the apostles, entrance and deposition of the relics, consecration of the liturgical furnishings, celebration of Mass. The ritual in this form, however, included much repetition e.g., a triple aspersion with water, which has been eliminated by the recent reforms.

IV. Eastern rites. We do not have scientific editions of all the Eastern euchologia, thus only a few rapid notes are possible DACL 4, 397-398. Anointing of the altar seems to have originated in Syria ca. 400, passing then to Gaul. The Second Council of Nicaea 787, can. 7 considers the deposition of relics as obligatory for every dedication. According to Goar, the Barberini euchologion 8th c. provides for a nocturnal vigil, consecration of the altar, censing, aspersions with holy water, deposition of relics, adorning of the altar, Mass. The orthodox rite of dedication is found in Simeon of Thessalonica, De sacro templo PG 155, 305-361.

F.X. Kraus, Real-Encyklop¤die der christlichen Alterth¼mer 1, Freiburg 1882, 346-348; RAC 3, 643-649; LMA 5, 1186-1188; J. Braun, Der christliche Altar in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung 1, Munich 1924, 663-750; M. Righetti, Manuale di Storia Liturgica 4, Milan 21959, 502-523; U. S¼Ÿenbach, Christuskult und kaiserliche Baupolitik bei Konstantin, Bonn 1977; M. Black, The Festival of Encaenia Ecclesiae in the Ancient Church with Special Reference to Palestine and Syria: Journal of Ecclesiastical History 5 1954 78-85; J. Wilkinson, Jewish Influences on the Early Christian Rite of Jerusalem: Muson 92 1979 347-359; C. Vogel, Medieval Liturgy, Portland 1986, 180-181; J. Schwartz, The Encaenia of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Temple of Solomon and the Jews: Theologische Zeitschrift 43 1987 265- 281; A. Palmer – L. Rodley, The Inauguration Anthem of Hagia Sophia in Edessa: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 12 1988 117-167; M. van Esbroeck, Le discours de Jean Damasc¨ne pour la Ddicace de l’Anastasis: OCP 63 1997 53-98; B. Repsher, The Rite of Church Dedication in the Early Medieval Era, Lampeter 1998; T.-C. Forneck, Die Feier der Dedicatio ecclesiae im Rmischen Ritus, Aachen 1999; A. Angenendt, Geschichte der Religiosit¤t im Mittelalter, Darmstadt 2000, 431-446.

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