APOCRYPHA of the OT, Christian and Christianized. In most cases OT apocrypha i.e., regarding persons of the OT, also called intertestamentary writings are of Jewish origin. A certain number of these apocrypha, however, are of Christian origin, or have been more or less Christianized. Alongside the Christian elements we find others: gnostic, Bogomil and pagan. The number of purely Christian OT apocrypha is quite limited. Among them are some works of the Esdras cycle: the Apocalypse of Esdras, the Vision of Esdras, the Revelation of Esdras and the Apocalypse of Sedrach. These works are most often from the High Middle Ages. There are apocrypha in which Christian authors have reworked, more or less thoroughly, the Jewish material, as with the legend of the death of Isaiah in the Ascension of Isaiah or Lives of the Prophets, where the Jewish material was profoundly reworked and put to use by Christians. A separate case are the Sibylline oracles, a work composed of various elements: the pagan substrate was Judaized, and the Jewish material was then Christianized by Christians. Some of its books are entirely Jewish III or entirely Christian VI, and some are Jewish Christian VII; gnostic, Jewish Christian and even Bogomil elements can be found in the other books. Many OT apocrypha like the apocalypses enjoyed a certain popularity among Christians and were therefore Christianized, which took place in various ways and at different levels. Some works had only a very limited number of passages inserted, whereas others were more or less profoundly reworked. Some have Christian additions only in certain versions. Finally, some Jewish apocrypha were influenced by a Christian spirit, such as the Apocrypha of Ezekiel. There are also non-Christianized apocrypha that have points of contact with the NT: they are cited, like the Book of Enoch in the Epistle of Jude 14-15; the same book has points of contact with Colossians and Hebrews the latter knows the legend of the death of Isaiah 11:37. The author of the Testament of Adam knows the NT apocrypha, etc. Intertestamentary writings are cited by the fathers of the church, such as Clement of Alexandria and Origen. Some know these writings from their own reading, others through Flavius Josephus or Philo. Jewish historians and poets are esp. cited; the OT apocalypses enjoyed a certain popularity among ecclesiastical writers. On OT apocrypha see CAVT; the great collections like those of Diez Macho, Sacchi or Charlesworth; introductions like Denis or R. Rubinkiewicz, Wprowadzenie do Apokryf³w Starego Tstamentu, Lublin 1987; J.H. Charlesworth, The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha and the New Testament, Harrisburg 2 1998 esp. 79-90: The Pseudepigrapha and the New Testament. Apocrypha – Life, Hope & Truth holidaymapq

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The Significance of Outside the Bible holidaymapq

Old Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha Rational Faiths … holidaymapq

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