An„r Darah City of Afghanistan for They are simply conditions whereby we experience something”whereby what we encounter says something to us.14 A preconception is to be understood less as a distortion that mars the purity of understanding than as the condition under which understanding first becomes possible. Preconceptions make for friction between the theorist and the text. They cause the theorist to move slowly and pay attention. But friction also makes movement possible. Attempting to theorize in the absence of preconceptions is like attempting to move in the absence of friction. If one tries to run on sheer ice with flat shoes, forward motion is very difficult. An„r Darah City of Afghanistan 2016.