ANNIANUS The little information we have on Annianus: Annianoj, :Anianoj and his chronographic work, now lost to us, is provided by the 9th-c. Byzantine historian George Syncellus in his Chronography see ed. Venice 1729, 59-61. E.

Honigmann identifies Annianus with the deacon of Celeda.

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An Egyptian monk who lived early 5th c.under the emperor Arcadius and the pontificate of Theophilus of Alexandria, Annianus composed a chronographic work that went from Adam to the 22nd year of the episcopate of Theophilus at Alexandria ca.

407, and was later extended to 412. Syncellus attests that Annianus criticized inaccuracies in Eusebius of Caesarea's chronology; from Syncellus we also learn that Annianus put the birth of Jesus in the year 5501 from the creation; that he began the year on 1 January and not with the spring equinox, as did Anatolius of Laodicea d.258, or 29 August, as did the Alexandrian chronology from 304 on; and that he put the passion on 23 March, fifteenth day of the moon, in conformity with the synoptic chronography, and the resurrection on 25 March of 5534 25 March is also the date of the creation the date that became traditional in Byzantine chronography.

Annianus's chronography also included an Easter cycle of 532 years, with commentary. George Syncellus praises Annianus for his conciseness, diligence and fidelity to the apostolic and patristic tradition. CPG 5537; see G.

Dindorf, Georgius Syncellus et Nicephorus Constantinopolitanus, CSHB, Bonn 1829, vol. 1, 61. 3-5, 62. 2-5, 19, 64. 15, 66. 1-2, 597. 12; L.Dindorf, Chronicon Paschale, CSHB, Bonn 1832, vol.

2, 112-116; E.W. Brooks, Eliae Metropolitae Nisibeni opus chronologicum, CSCO Scr. Syr.

3,7, Paris 1910, 16-17, 26-28 Syriac text, 7-8, 15-16 ; J.-B. Chabot, Chronique de Michel le Syrien, Paris 1899, vol.

1, 2-5, 9, 17, 35, 56, 61, 89, 116; vol. 2, Paris 1901, 358 ; E.

Bratke, Zwei Fragmente aus Annianos und der Anfang des Weihnachtsfestes in Aegypten: Neue Jahrb¼cher f¼r deutsche Theologie 1 1902 110-154; P.Bedjan, Abu'l-Faradj Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, Paris 1890, 3, 14-17, 25, 36, 37 = Chronography, English Translation by E.A. Wallis Budge, London 1932, 3, 13, 15, 16, 19, 25, 39, 40; K.

Krumbacher, Geschichte der byzantinischen Literatur, Munich 2 1897, 338, 340, 341, 405; P.Batiffol, Anciennes littratures chr- tiennes. La littrature grecque, Paris 1897, 226-227; DHGE 3,282; E.

Honigmann, Annianus Deacon of Celeda 415 A.D. in Patristic Studies, ST 173, Vatican City 1953, 54-58; Id. Le prtendu moine Athne en ralit le chronographe Annianos: Annuaire de l'Institut de philologie de l'histoire orientales et slaves 12 1952 = PAGKARPEIA Mlanges H.Grgoire, vol. 4, Brussels 1953, 177-180 n.

3; V.Grumel, Trait d'Etudes Byzantines, I, La Chronologie, Paris 1958, 92-94; W.Adler, Time Immemorial: Archaic History and Its Sources in Christian Chronography from Julius Africanus to George Syncellus, Dumbarton Oaks Studies 26, Washington D.C.

1989, 72-105; Patrologia V, 346. Marcus Ummidius Quadratus Annianus holidaymapq

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