Amsterdam for What evidence there is suggests that many individuals with a family history of cancer seek to clarify their genetic risk partly to reduce anxiety Hopwood Many enter the process with high levels of optimism and hope. In one of the few studies to examine these positive emotional responses to screening, one of the authors Bennett et al. followed a cohort of women going through genetic risk assessment, measuring their emotions at the beginning of the process and following risk information provision. The overall picture for these women was that although they felt anxious about their test results, they also felt optimistic about the testing process. After being told their risk level, all the women regardless of the genetic risk assigned were more relieved, calm and hopeful and less anxious and sad when they thought about the testing process and their risk for cancer than when they entered the testing process. SCREENING PROGRAMMES Early detection of disease Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and the second leading cause of death in women. Mammography provides a means of detecting early cancers before they become obvious to the woman involved. Amsterdam 2016.