In 1646, the company recalled Kieft, and Peter Stuyvesant became director-general in 1647. Stuyvesant’s tenure was fraught with conflict. He fought with colonists over taxes and political participation, with the company over religious toleration, with the Dutch government over judicial matters, and with Rensselaerswyck over trade in the Fort Orange area. The authoritarian Stuyvesant began extensive reforms in New Netherland, including the creation of strict fire codes, price controls on bread, and enforcement of laws against smuggling and liquor sales to the native peoples. He also required attendance at Sunday religious services.
Amsterdam Photo Gallery