New Hampshire did not place the emphasis on religion that some colonies did. From its inception, a number of denominations Anglicans, Puritans, Quakers, Baptists, and Presbyterians resided there. The outbreak of revival in the 1730s, known as the Great Awakening, did affect the colony. George Whitefield, the popular evangelist who spread the revivals throughout the colonies, visited New Hampshire in 1740 and 1744. This religious fervor resulted in the founding of Dartmouth College in 1769.
Because of its close association with Massachusetts, New Hampshire adopted a similar emphasis on education. Towns were required to maintain public schools. Dartmouth College, while initially meant only to train Native Americans as missionaries to their own people, soon became an institution of higher education.