ALEXANDER of Constantinople d.337. Probably of peasant origin, bishop of Byzantium for 23 years, succeeding Metrophanes 306 314. After his victory over Licinius in 324, Constantine promoted an oratorical contest between Bishop Alexander and the Hellenes of Byzantium, but a miracle silenced the latter Teofane, Chronography, ed.
C.de Boor 23,7.
Alexander Of Constantinople Gallery Photos
Alexander Of Constantinople
Alexander, at that time 86, was not a signatory of the Council of Nicaea 325.
A Syriac copy exists, however, of the letter he sent at the beginning of that year to the Synod of Antioch, confirming the canonical sanctions inflicted by Bishop Alexander of Alexandria on Arius and his followers Opitz, Urkunde 18; it is known that Alexander of Byzantium remained a faithful follower of Nicaea. Alexander took the title of bishop of Constantinople in 330 when Constantine inaugurated the new capital. In 335 he refused to readmit Arius to communion, locking himself in the Church of Peace St.
Irene rather than yield. Arius died suddenly on the eve of his rehabilitation Athanasius of Alexandria, Letter on the Death of Arius. After 330, Constantine enlarged the church of St.
Irene and built the Church of the Apostles. Constantine died 22 May 337; Alexander, later the same year. He had designated Paul as his successor, but Paul's rivalry with Macedonius, then a deacon, had the effect of favoring Eusebius of Nicomedia, who was elected by a local synod celebrated at the initiative of Constantius II, Constantine's successor in the Eastern part of the empire.
In the Life of the Fathers Metrophanes and Alexander Photius, Bibl. Cod. 256, Alexander is presented, with Alexander of Alexandria, as a hero of Nicaea; after the council, it shows him crossing Thrace, Illyricum, Greece and the islands to preach the orthodox faith. According to Theodoret of Cyrrhus, ALEXANDER of Constantinople was long considered to be the recipient of Alexander of Alexandria's dogmatic letter of 324 Opitz, Urkunde 14; the letter was actually addressed to Bishop Alexander of Thessalonica.
Socrates HE II, 7; Sozomen, HE III, 3; F.Fischer, De patriarcharum constantinopolitanorum catalogo et de chronologia octo primorum patriarcharum, Comm. Philol.
Ienenses 3, Leipzig 1894, 313ff. ; W.Telfer, Paul of Constantinople: HTR43 1950 31- 92; F.Winkelmann, Die Bischfe Metrophanes und Alexandros von Byzanz: ByzZ 59 1966 47-71; G.
Dragon, Naissance d'une capitale. Constantinople et ses institutions de 330 451, Paris 1974; M.Simonetti, La crisi ariana nel IV secolo, Rome 1975; Storia del cristianesimo.
2, see Index, 933.
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