AGDE

AGDE, Council of. Some 30 bishops from the six ecclesiastical provinces of the kingdom of Alaric, the Arian king of the Visigoths, met on 10 September 506, in the basilica of St. Andrew in Agde, under the presidency of Caesarius of Arles. This assembly signaled a clear change in the religious policy of the king toward peace and tolerance; the promulgation some months earlier winter 505 506 of the Breviary of Alaric had the same significance. The fathers of Agde opened the session with a declaration of gratitude to the prince, who had restored their freedom, and with a fervent prayer to God for the king and the kingdom. The importance of the council is clear from various perspectives: it not only marks the transition from the councils of the Roman period to those of the Merovingian period, from the Gallo-Roman to the Gallo-Frankish church, but it also assured a wide diffusion of the canonical discipline of Arles. Caesarius of Arles, president of the assembly, wanted the fathers to draw on the canons and laws of the ancient Fathers can. 1; in fact, many decisions of the Council of Agde refer back to those of early provincial councils cans. 1-5; 24; 29, to the collection known as The Council of Arles cans. 11, 31, 35 or to the Statuta ecclesiae antiqua cans. 20, 43- 45, while others repeat canons of the Council of Vannes 461 491, thus representing the legislation of the province of Tours cans. 37-42. The council addressed many disciplinary and liturgical problems, especially the conditions required for ordination cans. 1, 16, 17, 43 and the duties of clerics cans.. 2, 9-11, 20, 36, 39, 41, 42, insisting on the obligation of continence and good morals. Many of its provisions concerned ecclesiastical goods: it is a sacred duty to give legacies and donations to the church can. 4; to steal the church’s goods is to kill the poor necator pauperum can. 4; see cans. 5-7. Generally speaking, ecclesiastical goods are inalienable can. 22; see cans. 7 and 45; bishops must be convinced that they are not owners but only trustees of their diocese’s property can. 7. Clerics are urged to respect ecclesiastical courts cans. 8 and 32, and laypeople to respect the law of the indissolubility of marriage can. 25. Various norms regulated liturgical practices: the blessing of altars can. 14; the celebration of the divine service can. 30; Sunday Mass attendance can. 47; the obligation of Communion at Christmas, Easter and Pentecost can. 18; fasting can. 12; and the imparting of the creed can. 13. Can. 21 recorded that celebrations in chapels had to be regulated in the past so as not to interfere with services in the parishes. At the same council, rigorous norms were also promulgated regarding penitents cans. 15 and 37, nuns cans. 19 and 28, monks cans. 27-28 and Jews cans. 34 and 40. Finally, noteworthy was the council fathers’ interest in protecting miserabiles personae: abandoned babies can. 24 and freed and runaway slaves cans. 29 and 46. A number of manuscripts attribute 23 canons to the Council of Agde, beyond the 49 authentic ones. These are in fact a private compilation borrowed from various Gallic sources, especially from the Council of Epaon of 517. CCL 148, 189-228; Hfl-Lecl 2, 973-1002; M. Garnier, Le concile d’Agde, Montpellier 1906; Palazzini 1,7-8; LTK 1, 228. Ch. Munier AGELIUS of Constantinople d. after 384. Bishop of the Novatianist community of Constantinople, exiled by Valens ca. 365 for being anti-Arian. After returning, he collaborated in 383 with the Catholic bishop Nectarius to obtain Theodosius’s definitive approval of the Catholic faith and the condemnation of radical and moderate Arians and Macedonians with the antiheretical provisions of 25 July and 3 December 383, and 21 January 384. Theodosius, recognizing the anti-Arian faith of the Novatianists, exempted them from the antiheretical provisions, leaving them undisturbed and allowing them to keep their churches. DHGE 1, 931.
Agde, Cap d’Agde : Le Cap Agathois caravan and campsite in the Herault holidaymapq

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