Historical region of Country
Tyconius developed the doctrine that God’s people had been divided from time immemorial into true and false brothers, and that Donatus had rightly insisted on this separation, in a grand theory of human society. The two churches represented two types of humanity, defined less by external obedience than by the will of individuals toward justice or toward evil. These ideas, though repudiated by the Donatists, influenced the Augustinian conception of the two cities see A. Pincherle, Da Ticonio a Sant’Agostino: Ricerche Religiose 1 1925 443-466. Afghanistan Map Tyconius’s biblical exegesis, summarized in his Regulae, had a great influence on Augustine’s literary works P. Marone, L’uso delle Regole di Ticonio nella produzione letteraria di Agostino: SMSR 242 2000 241-254, and on later medieval exegesis, esp. that of Beatus of Libana and Bede P.C. Bori, La ricezione delle Regole di Ticonio, da Agostino a Erasmo: AnSE 5 1988 125-142.
III. A protest movement. Though originally and principally a religious movement that considered Donatus a reformer and purifier of the church Aug., C. Cresc. III, 56,62 and drew its adherents from every class within the N African church, Donatism had a strong social and cultural appeal. The recovery of the martyr psychology and of the apocalyptic tradition of N African Christianity appealed particularly to Christians in rural communities, for whom the administrative and fiscal reforms of Diocletian and Constantine meant heavier taxes and a greater burden of debt.
It was not modern historians who invented Donatist Numidia Lancel, Actes, I, 155. Contemporary witnesses all admit that Donatism originated in Numidia and Mauretania Sitifensis, esp. in the rural areas thus Aug., Ep. 58,1 and 129,6; Enarr. in Ps. 36,11,19: Adtende nunc Caecilianum: tu servasti Numidiam, ille orbem terrarum; Ep. ad Cathol. 19,51: Numidia ubi vos praepolletis; see Petilian, Coll. Carth. I, 165, and Alypius, ibid., I, 181 Donatist rural dioceses; Praedestinatus, De Haeres. 69, on the circumcellions, in partibus Numidiae superioris et Mauretaniae. Numidia’s ecclesiastical identity, going back to the end of the 3rd c., reflected its eco- nomic and geographical differences from Proconsular Africa. The S slope of the Atlas range and the river valleys are set in a high plateau which the Romans, in the 2nd c., had managed to transform into a zone of dry cultivation, esp. of olives and barley.