Adventure travel for Ptolemy freely admitted that he was exercising some creative license in his portrayal of the great celestial woman We do not employ the same igures of the constellations that our predecessors did, just as they did not employ the same igures as their predecessors. But in many cases we make use of different igures that more appropriately represent the forms for which they are drawn. Ptolemy went on to give Virgo as an example of his innovative reimaginings of the constellations For instance, those stars which Hipparchus places on the Virgin’s shoulder’ we place on her side,’ because their distance from the stars in her head seems too great for the distance from the head to the shoulder in his constellation of Virgo. And so, by making those stars to be on her sides, the igure will be agreeable and appropriate, which it would not be if those stars were drawn on her shoulders.’ However, in decreasing the size of Virgo’s neck and head, Ptolemy introduced a new problem Virgo’s torso and arms became disproportionately long the distance from the star on her left side to her left hand is greater than the distance from her left hand to her left foot ?. Quite simply, maintaining Hipparchus’s placement of Virgo’s head could not produce a properly proportioned constellation igure measuring from just above Virgo’s right buttock which in a normal human body would be roughly halfway between the top of the head and the bottom of the feet, in Ptolemy’s Virgo it is degrees to the top of her head and yet only degrees to her right foot and degrees to her left foot. A third version of Virgo existed in the ancient world, around the time of Jesus’s birth, which did not entail her having an extraordinarily long neck or elongated upper body from the waist upwards. Adventure travel 2016.