Some Acadians fled to Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton Island, although the British eventually rounded up many of these exiles and deported them as well. Other Acadians went to France, but they had difficulty adjusting to the social strictures of eighteenth-century European society, and many returned to North America. The largest number of Acadians, about 2,500, migrated to Louisiana, a Spanish colony, where they could apply their expertise in reclaiming marshland and practice Roman Catholicism. In time, they became known as Cajuns. In 1764, Britain permitted the Acadians to return to Nova Scotia. About 3,000 did so, but they were not welcomed by the new British settlers, many of whom had established themselves on the old Acadian lands. By the end of the eighteenth century, the Acadian population of Nova Scotia had risen to about 8,000, but their society was significantly less cohesive and less affluent than it had been before their expulsion. R. Blake Brown See also: Canada; French; French and Indian War; French Colonies on Mainland North America (Chronology); Document: Evangeline, A Tale of Acadie (in 1755; pub. 1847). Bibliography Brebner, J. B. New England’s Outpost; Acadia Before the Conquest of Canada. New York: Columbia University Press, 1927. Griffiths, Naomi. The Acadians: Creation of a People. Toronto: McGraw Hill-Ryerson, 1973. Griffiths, Naomi. The Contexts of Acadian History, 1686 1784. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1992. Rawlyk, George A. Nova Scotia’s Massachusetts: A Study of Massachusetts-Nova Scotia Relations, 1630 1784. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1973. File:Flag of Acadia.svg – Wikimedia Commons The Acadian Memorial As Civic Laboratory: Whiteness, History, and … Acadians – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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