A Map Of Germany 2 for A series of bad harvests and Vietnam’s military intervention in Cambodia, however, led to an economic crisis. This forced individuals and agricultural collectives to circumvent quotas and produce goods for market, a movement popularly known as fence breaking. Communist leaders admitted in 1979 the necessity of modest reforms and began to liberalize retail trade. Communist Party General Secretary Le Duan’s death in 1986 opened the way for further liberalization under the slogan renovation. Vietnam negotiated an end to the UNITED STATES’ economic embargo in 1994 and restored diplomatic relations the following year. From 1993 to 1997, GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) growth rates averaged around 9 percent per year. The 1997 ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS prompted the government to reassess the dangers of an unbridled market economy and to slow the pace of reform. A Map Of Germany 2 2016.