In Turkey, Latin characters were adopted with the advent of the republican regime, under the first President, Kemal Atatiirk. The new alphabet contributed much to increase literacy in Turkey and facilitate the contact of this country with the Western world. There is now in Turkey, a new generation, which can read Turkish only in Latin characters.
The Turkish alphabet is very simple. A Westerner can learn it in half an hour.
VOWELS ‚ The vowelis haye much the same value as in German. There is one exception, ! without a dot, which is peculiar to Turkey. ‚“Y‚ is not a vowel. ‚“A‚„’ is pronounced as in ‚“father‚ or ‚“card‚. Ex. Kara, black, ‚“e‚ is pronounced as in the English word ‚“set‚, ‚“i‚, as in the word ‚“sit‚. ‚“i‚, i without a dot, is pronounced something like ‚“io in the English word ‚“nation‚. Ex. kapi, door.
‚“o‚, is pronounced as in the word ‚“holy‚, ‚“o‚, as in the German word ‚“konnen‚ or the French word ‚“jeune‚. Ex. borek, pie.
‚“u‚, is pronounced as in ‚“put‚, ‚“11‚, as in the French word ‚“mus6e‚ or as in the German name ‚“Miiller‚.
CONSONANTS ‚ They mostly have the same values as in English. We therefore, shall give here only those which have a different, value.
‚“c‚, exactly like ‚“j‚ in English ‚“jam‚. Ex. cami, mosque. ‚“q‚, exactly like ‚“ch‚ in ‚“child‚. Ex. $ok, much.
‚“g‚ reads like English words : gun, before ‚“a‚ Ex. yorgan, blancket. get, before ‚“e‚ Ex. genii, ship, gift, before ‚“i‚ Ex. giriniz, come in. go, before ‚“o‚ Ex. gol, goal, lagoon, before ‚“u‚, yorgun, tired.
The same sound before ‚“o‚ and ‚“ii‚.
‚“g‚ sometimes lengthens the preceeding vowel and sometimes is pronounced like ‚“y‚ in English.
‚“j‚ is pronounced like the ‚“si‚ of English ‚“vision‚ Ex. plaj, beach.
‚“…¾‚ is always pronounced like ‚“sh‚ in English. Ex. geker, sugar.
There is no ‚“x‚ in the Turkish alphabet, the ‚“x‚ sound being represented by letters ‚“Its‚ Meksika, Mexico; nor ia there a ‚“w‚ or a 5‚Ëq’v ; ‘ ‘
A GUIDE TO TURKISH SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION for To this end, he advocated the pursuit of social order through representative government. Neither a liberal nor a conservative, Wilson was entirely committed to the preservation of a just society; however, his conception of social justice stopped at the color line: a white Southerner of the late 19th century, Wilson was a white supremacist who sanctioned racial segregation. In 1902, Wilson was elected president of Princeton University, a position that propelled him into the national spotlight. By 1910 he resigned at the urging of New Jersey political operatives who helped him win the governorship. By 1911, the Democratic Party had nominated him for president. In part due to the split in the Republican Party between candidates President William Howard TAFT and former President Teddy ROOSEVELT, Wilson was elected to office on his platform of progressive- era policies and his own brand of liberal democracy, which he labeled The New Freedom. The New Freedom has been described by historians as a middle-class imperative, complemented by rural and labor support, to preserve and strengthen the democratic, capitalist society by progressive initiatives that included lower tariffs, an improved banking system, stronger business regulation and protection for unions and workers. A GUIDE TO TURKISH SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION 2016.


Leave a Reply

84 + = 94