In Turkey, Latin characters were adopted with the advent of the republican regime, under the first President, Kemal Atatiirk. The new alphabet contributed much to increase literacy in Turkey and facilitate the contact of this country with the Western world. There is now in Turkey, a new generation, which can read Turkish only in Latin characters.
The Turkish alphabet is very simple. A Westerner can learn it in half an hour.
VOWELS ‚ The vowelis haye much the same value as in German. There is one exception, ! without a dot, which is peculiar to Turkey. ‚Å“Y‚ is not a vowel. ‚Å“A‚„’ is pronounced as in ‚Å“father‚ or ‚Å“card‚. Ex. Kara, black, ‚Å“e‚ is pronounced as in the English word ‚Å“set‚, ‚Å“i‚, as in the word ‚Å“sit‚. ‚Å“i‚, i without a dot, is pronounced something like ‚Å“io in the English word ‚Å“nation‚. Ex. kapi, door.
‚Å“o‚, is pronounced as in the word ‚Å“holy‚, ‚Å“o‚, as in the German word ‚Å“konnen‚ or the French word ‚Å“jeune‚. Ex. borek, pie.
‚Å“u‚, is pronounced as in ‚Å“put‚, ‚Å“11‚, as in the French word ‚Å“mus6e‚ or as in the German name ‚Å“Miiller‚.
CONSONANTS ‚ They mostly have the same values as in English. We therefore, shall give here only those which have a different, value.
‚Å“c‚, exactly like ‚Å“j‚ in English ‚Å“jam‚. Ex. cami, mosque. ‚Å“q‚, exactly like ‚Å“ch‚ in ‚Å“child‚. Ex. $ok, much.
‚Å“g‚ reads like English words : gun, before ‚Å“a‚ Ex. yorgan, blancket. get, before ‚Å“e‚ Ex. genii, ship, gift, before ‚Å“i‚ Ex. giriniz, come in. go, before ‚Å“o‚ Ex. gol, goal, lagoon, before ‚Å“u‚, yorgun, tired.
The same sound before ‚Å“o‚ and ‚Å“ii‚.
‚Å“g‚ sometimes lengthens the preceeding vowel and sometimes is pronounced like ‚Å“y‚ in English.
‚Å“j‚ is pronounced like the ‚Å“si‚ of English ‚Å“vision‚ Ex. plaj, beach.
‚Å“…Å¾‚ is always pronounced like ‚Å“sh‚ in English. Ex. geker, sugar.
There is no ‚Å“x‚ in the Turkish alphabet, the ‚Å“x‚ sound being represented by letters ‚Å“Its‚ Meksika, Mexico; nor ia there a ‚Å“w‚ or a 5‚Ëœq’v ; ‘ ‘
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