A City Guide To Zhongxiang for The Life of Reason Within modern Western societies, the most common foundation for mores is reason. One might also point to religious faith or the authority of tradition as a grounding for the rules and principles that guide and regulate collective life. The fact remains, however, that the last court of appeal before which competing mores are usually presented, advocated, and defended is that of reason, or rationality. If action is not reasonable or rational, it may be tolerated when it causes no harm to others. But it will not be celebrated as a model of appropriate public behavior. In modern times, social and political life gained legitimation in terms that were both publicly accessible and independent of transcendent authority. Appeals to the gods, their earthly vicars, or heroic figures of days gone by, though not illegitimate and generally pro forma, could no longer justify the principles structuring collective life. A City Guide To Zhongxiang 2016.