A City Guide To Yongchuan for The Bonus Army, made up of hungry and dissatisfied veterans, came to Washington, D.C., and established themselves in communities of shacks known as Hoovervilles. The name was a slur on President Herbert Hoover for what many saw as his indifference to the country’s economic crisis. In addition to military-related expenditures, the United States was faced with dismantling the enormous bureaucracy that had grown up in response to the needs of supporting the Allies and fighting a war. The United States entered the war as a debtor nation but had finished the war as a creditor nation, possessing a good deal of the world’s gold, and had become the leading industrial nation of the world. BIBLIOGRAPHY. A City Guide To Yongchuan 2016.