A City Guide To Yancheng for Conceptual and Historical Analysis The two primary means employed by the theorist to examine political norms and understandings are conceptual analysis and historical analysis. To analyze is theory and vision 2 1 to divide a whole into its constituent parts. Conceptual analysis takes a complex concept or system of ideas and examines its components to determine their meaning, the relationships they form with each other, and whether they constitute a coherent whole. For instance, one might analyze the concept of the nation-state by first dividing it into its constituent parts of geographic territory, a sovereign government that administers this territory, and an independent citizenry over which the government rules. Subsequently, one might investigate the meaning of these three terms and examine the nature of the relationships they form. Sovereign government may be defined as the formal institutions through which binding decisions are made for a society. Governments are formed by election or appointment (the gaining of political power), and engage in lawmaking (the legislative exercise of political power) and administration (the executive exercise of political power). A City Guide To Yancheng 2016.