A City Guide To Turfan for IN THE SPOTLIGHT Smoking, drinking and teenage pregnancy Studies of adolescent girls have pointed to the importance of self-concept i.e. concept of what one is’ and self-esteem i.e. concept of one’s value’ or worth’ in determining involvement or non-involvement in risk behaviours. Some theorists further suggest that a significant amount of adolescent behaviour is motivated by the need to present oneself to others primarily peers in a way that enhances the individual’s reputation, their social identity Emler . In some social groups the reputation’ that will help the individual fit’ with that social group will involve risk-taking behaviours Odgers et al. A City Guide To Turfan 2016.