A City Guide To Tangping for Over recent decades, many more INDIVIDUAL, CULTURAL AND LIFESPAN PERSPECTIVES ON HEALTH people have acknowledged the potential negative consequences of some treatments, particularly pharmacological ones consider for example the long-term use of anxiolytics such as Valium, and as a result the complementary’ and alternative’ medicine industry has burgeoned. Individual, cultural and lifespan perspectives on health Lay theories of health If a fuller understanding of health and illness is to be attained, it is necessary to find out what people think health, and illness, are. The simplest way of doing this is to ask them. Here we explore lay perceptions of health. An early study by Bauman asked the question What does being healthy mean?’ and found that people make three main types of response . that health means a general sense of well-being’; . that health is identified with the absence of symptoms of disease’; . A City Guide To Tangping 2016.