A City Guide To Songling for Treatment during these centuries became more technical, diagnostic and focused on the body internal, with individuals perhaps more passively involved than previously, when they had been called upon to pray or exorcise their demons in order to return to health. This approach underpins the biomedical model of illness. n Biomedical model of illness In this model, a symptom of illness is considered to have an underlying pathology that will hopefully, but not inevitably, be cured through medical intervention. Adhering rigidly to the biomedical model would lead to proponents dealing with objective facts and assuming a direct causal relationship between illness, its symptoms or underlying pathology disease, and adjustment outcomes. The assumption is that removal of the pathology will lead to restored health, i.e. illness results from disease. A City Guide To Songling 2016.