A City Guide To „‚rangaon for SCOTT PALMER, PH.D. RGMS ECONOMICS World War I THE EVENT THAT LED to World War I, often called The Great War, took place in Europe on June 28, 1914, when a Bosnian radical shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife Duchess Sophie von Chotkova. When the government retaliated with violence, it started a chain of events that brought in other countries because of various treaties. On August 1, 1914, GERMANY declared war on RUSSIA, and other countries soon followed by declaring war on Germany. President Woodrow WILSON (1856 1924) announced that the UNITED STATES would continue its ongoing policy of isolationism. The UNITED KINGDOM became the major player on the Allied side when Germany attacked BELGIUM on August 4. A City Guide To „‚rangaon 2016.