A City Guide To Pucheng for The country’s population is 18.7 million (2002), primarily ethnic Arabs. Most of the population speaks Arabic, although dialects differ from region to region. Almost the entire population is Muslim; however, a few Christians and a Jewish community have resided within Yemen since pre-Islamic times. Yemen’s relative isolation and traditionally weak economy have produced a number of long-standing social problems, including one of the lowest literacy rates in Asia and underdeveloped healthcare. Disease spreads quickly in the region due to polluted drinking water, inadequate vaccinations, and a shortage of medical personnel and facilities. Yemen plays an important role in the ongoing War on Terrorism, attracting the scrutiny of the UNITED STATES as the superpower tracks potential terrorists moving across Yemen’s fluid borders. A City Guide To Pucheng 2016.