A City Guide To Pingyin for What the correct balance between order and freedom should be is the topic of ongoing debate. Different forms of political rule offer more order or more freedom, depending on their nature. Baron de Montesquieu (1689 1755), a French political philosopher, argued that monarchical states place more value on order, while republican states place more value on freedom. Similarly, Plato argued that democracy raises the pursuit of freedom to the highest level and enshrines it as its first principle. By Plato’s 56 thinking politics reckoning, however, democracy’s infatuation with freedom leads to intolerable breakdowns in social order. Plato prefers the monarchical rule of philosopher kings. The Nature of Political Power To exercise power is not necessarily to secure one’s interests at the expense of others. A City Guide To Pingyin 2016.