A City Guide To Pingxiang for Politics and Philosophy in Ancient Greece The Greeks believed that legislators involved in the creation and maintenance of the city-state were effectively engaged in the ordering of the souls of its citizenry. The name given to this ordering of souls in the classical world was padeia, the shaping of character. Padeia was a form of education, namely, an education in virtue. For this reason, both Plato and Aristotle agreed that education constituted the greatest part of politics and was the primary task of the legislator. Indeed, Plato suggests that the responsibility for a people’s wickedness lay not with the people themselves but with the politicians responsible for their education and government. In such cases, he states, the planters are to blame rather than the plants.2 He complains that even Pericles, the greatest of Athens’ political leaders, frequently pandered to the citizenry’s base desires rather than properly cultivating their souls. A City Guide To Pingxiang 2016.