A City Guide To Lhasa for Deadly force and violence are often wielded by states within their own borders, against their own citizens. In fact, governments in the past century have killed over three times as many of their own citizens (for political reasons, that is, excluding nonpolitical, criminal executions) as they have killed foreign combatants in war.5 Violence and political power are certainly no strangers. Force, Hobbes and Machiavelli declared, was necessary to back up the rule of law. The power to legislate rests on the power to coerce. While we might deplore its abuses, the threat of force remains an intrinsic part of political life. It has even been suggested that political theories that do not take into account the need for force are not political theories at all. A City Guide To Lhasa 2016.